- What is infertility?
As per W.H.O. (World Health Organisation), Infertility is a disease of the male or female reproductive system defined by the failure to achieve a pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse.
In today’s world, infertility is one of the most common problems that couples face. Infertility affects millions of people of reproductive age worldwide – and has an impact on their families and communities.
Infertility needs to be addressed to achieve a healthy conception. Studies have shown that apart from following a healthy lifestyle, homeopathic treatment in female infertility has been found very effective in treating infertility.
- Types of infertility in women
- Primary infertility and
- secondary infertility
are two major types of infertility in women.
Primary infertility happens when a couple has unprotected sex for at least a year without getting pregnant. On the other hand, if a couple has conceived once but is unable to get pregnant again is referred to as secondary infertility.
- Causes of infertility:
As per WHO, In the female reproductive system, infertility may be caused by:
- tubal disorders such as blocked fallopian tubes, which are in turn caused by untreated sexually transmitted infections (STIs) or complications of unsafe abortion, postpartum sepsis or abdominal/pelvic surgery;
- uterine disorders which could be inflammatory in nature (such as such endometriosis), congenital in nature (such as septate uterus), or benign in nature (such as fibroids);
- disorders of the ovaries, such as polycystic ovarian syndrome and other follicular disorders;
- disorders of the endocrine system causing imbalances of reproductive hormones. The endocrine system includes hypothalamus and the pituitary glands. Examples of common disorders affecting this system include pituitary cancers and hypopituitarism.
- In some cases, the cause of infertility is never found. A combination of several minor factors in both partners could cause unexplained fertility problems. Although it’s frustrating to get no specific answer, this problem can correct itself with time. But you shouldn’t delay treatment for infertility.
- Risk Factors of infertility: Certain factors may put you at higher risk of infertility, including:
- Age. The quality and quantity of a woman’s eggs begin to decline with age. In the mid-30s, the rate of follicle loss speeds, resulting in fewer and poorer quality eggs. This makes conception more difficult, and increases the risk of miscarriage.
- Smoking. Besides damaging your cervix and fallopian tubes, smoking increases your risk of miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy. It’s also thought to age your ovaries and deplete your eggs prematurely. Stop smoking before beginning fertility treatment.
- Weight: Being overweight or significantly underweight may affect ovulation. Getting to a healthy body mass index (BMI) might increase the frequency of ovulation and likelihood of pregnancy.
- Sexual history: Sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhea can damage the fallopian tubes. Having unprotected sex with multiple partners increases your risk of a sexually transmitted infection that may cause fertility problems later.
- Alcohol: Excess alcohol consumption can reduce fertility in females and even in males.
- Symptoms of infertility
The main and obvious symptom is “Not getting Pregnant”. Symptoms can also depend on what is causing the infertility. Many health conditions can make it hard to get pregnant, so the symptoms of the underlying illness may appear as associated symptoms of infertility. Sometimes no cause is found in cases of unexplained infertility. Thus, symptoms may vary from person to person depending on the underlying illness that has caused infertility.
- Ovulation disorders: Ovulating infrequently or not at all accounts for most cases of infertility. Problems with the regulation of reproductive hormones by the hypothalamus or the pituitary gland or problems in the ovary can cause ovulation disorders.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PCOS causes a hormone imbalance, which affects ovulation. PCOS is associated with insulin resistance and obesity, abnormal hair growth on the face or body, and acne. It’s the most common cause of female infertility.
- Hypothalamic dysfunction. Two hormones produced by the pituitary gland are responsible for stimulating ovulation each month — follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). Excess physical or emotional stress, a very high or very low body weight, or a recent substantial weight gain or loss can disrupt production of these hormones and affect ovulation. Irregular or absent periods are the most common signs.
- Primary ovarian insufficiency. Also called premature ovarian failure, this is usually caused by an autoimmune response or by premature loss of eggs from your ovary, possibly as a result of genetics or chemotherapy. The ovary no longer produces eggs, and it lowers estrogen production in women under age 40.
- Too much prolactin. The pituitary gland can cause excess production of prolactin (hyperprolactinemia), which reduces estrogen production and can cause infertility. This can also be caused by medications you’re taking for another condition.
- Damage to fallopian tubes (tubal infertility): Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes keep sperm from getting to the egg or block the passage of the fertilized egg into the uterus. Causes of fallopian tube damage or blockage can include:
- Pelvic inflammatory disease, an infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes due to chlamydia, gonorrhea or other sexually transmitted infections
- Previous surgery in the abdomen or pelvis, including surgery for ectopic pregnancy, in which a fertilized egg implants and develops somewhere other than the uterus, usually in a fallopian tube
- Endometriosis: Endometriosis occurs when tissue that typically grows in the uterus implants and grows in other places. This extra tissue growth — and the surgical removal of it — can cause scarring, which can block fallopian tubes and keep an egg and sperm from uniting.
Endometriosis can also disrupt implantation of the fertilized egg. The condition also seems to affect fertility in less-direct ways, such as damage to the sperm or egg.
- Uterine or cervical causes: Several uterine or cervical causes can interfere with the egg implanting or increase the risk of miscarriage:
- Benign polyps or tumors (fibroids or myomas) are common in the uterus. Some can block fallopian tubes or interfere with implantation, affecting fertility. However, many women who have fibroids or polyps do become pregnant.
- Problems with the uterus present from birth, such as an unusually shaped uterus, can cause problems becoming or remaining pregnant.
- Cervical stenosis, a narrowing of the cervix, can be caused by an inherited malformation or damage to the cervix.
- Sometimes the cervix can’t produce the best type of mucus to allow the sperm to travel through the cervix into the uterus.
How homeopathy can help in treating female infertility: Homeopathy Treatment of Infertility supports natural conception and helps in the self-healing of the body. Being safe and natural, homoeopathic medicines are ultra diluted potentized ( energised ) micro medicines which are safe and effective, can revive a healthy reproductive system and help individuals by addressing problems like menstrual irregularities, stress and weight gain. Carefully selected Homoeopathic medicine on the basis of Totality of Symptoms gives desired positive results in cases of infertility. At CHHC, under the able guidance of Dr. Mahavrat, many cases of female infertility have been cured and the desired result is achieved.